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## Are natural transformations functors?

In category theory, a branch of mathematics, a natural transformation provides a way of transforming one functor into another while respecting the internal structure (i.e., the composition of morphisms) of the categories involved. Hence, a natural transformation can be considered to be a “morphism of functors”.

## What is natural isomorphism?

Definition 2 A natural isomorphism from F to G is an isomorphism in the functor category Funct(C,D), that is, a natural transformation η:F→G for which there exists a natural transformation ξ:G→F such that the compositions ξ∘η=1F and η∘ξ=1G are identity natural transformations.

**What does natural transformation look like?**

Simply put, a natural transformation is a collection of maps from one diagram to another. And these maps are special in that they commute with the arrows in the diagrams. For example, in the picture below, the black arrows below comprise a natural transformation between two functors* F and G .

### What is a natural Bijection?

So “natural bijection” just means a natural isomorphism in the case where the target category is Set. In particular homsets are sets, so natural isomorphisms involving them may be called natural bijections.

### How are parametric polymorphisms used to define natural transformations?

Parametric polymorphism, which is used to define natural transformations in Haskell, imposes very strong limitations on the implementation — one formula for all types. These limitations translate into equational theorems about such functions. In the case of functions that transform functors, free theorems are the naturality conditions.

**Is it true that two functors are naturally isomorphic?**

Saying that two functors are naturally isomorphic is almost like saying they are the same. Natural isomorphism is defined as a natural transformation whose components are all isomorphisms (invertible morphisms). We talked about the role of functors (or, more specifically, endofunctors) in programming.

#### Which is the component of a natural transformation?

To construct a natural transformation we start with an object, here a type, a. One functor, F, maps it to the type F a. Another functor, G, maps it to G a. The component of a natural transformation alpha at a is a function from F a to G a.

#### How are natural transformations used to define isomorphisms?

Finally, natural transformations may be used to define isomorphisms of functors. Saying that two functors are naturally isomorphic is almost like saying they are the same. Natural isomorphism is defined as a natural transformation whose components are all isomorphisms (invertible morphisms).